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Wheat (lat. Triticum) is one of the ancient cereals
Common and flinty wheat of all types supposed to be used for agricultural and food chain, meanwhile 5th type is for non-food consumption usage .
Barley (Latin Hordeum), the Gramineae family and the Meadowgrass family include about 25 annual and perennial species that occur in moderately warm and subtropical regions of the planet. In Russia, there are 10-12 species. The most ancient cultivated cereal.
Corn is considering one of the oldest plants, cultivated by humankind - according to scientists; it was introduced into the culture about 8700 years ago in the valley of Balsas (Mexico). At present moment, corn is one of the most important food crops growing by man. The largest producers of this cereal include the United States, China, Mexico, India, Brazil, Argentina, Indonesia, South Africa, France and Italy. Corn grain serves as food, mainly for pigs and poultry. It is feeding whole or crushed and grinded into flour. Besides, various food products are obtaining from it. Fresh and canned grains are a popular vegetable dish, cornflakes, hominy and porridge are made from dried grains, tortillas, pancakes, etc., are baked from corn flour.
Among all agricultural crops cultivated in the world, soya is one of the highest protein. According to the data of different authors, in the seeds of this culture 38-42% of protein in average can accumulate with a variation of this index from 30 to 50%. Soy is not only a source of protein, but also oil, the index varies from 16 to 25% in seeds. The highest content of phospholipids compared to other crops is a distinctive feature of soy. In soybean seeds, their content varies between 1.6-2.2%. Soy is using in the feeding of all types of farm animals in the form of flour, oil cake, meal, protein concentrates, milk, green mass, hay, haylage, grass flour and silage.